Classification: About the Classification Report About the Classification Download . 1.1 ClASSIFICAtIon The classification of algae is complex and somewhat controversial, especially concerning the blue-green algae (Cyanobacteria), which are sometimes known as blue-green Biological Classification Taxonomy. Based on their general features, algae are grouped into Kingdom Protista. Chlorophyte. Primarily, algae are not highly differentiated i… Hydrodictyon and Volvox. Algae Characteristics. Lithothamnion superpositum is a species of red coralline algae found off the South American coast. Algae belongs to four different kingdoms, including the kingdom bacteria, kingdom plantae, kingdom protista and kingdom chromista. Its body lacks specialized structures like Roots, leaves, and Stems. Chlorophyta are eukaryotic organisms, mostly aquatic photosynthetic type. In the Green Algae sexual reproduction is communal. The table below shows each classification and the list of genera included for it in OHHABS. Classification The kingdom Protista (in the five kingdom system) contains mostly unicellular eukaryotes. However, they differ from the vascular plants by lacking true roots, stems, and leaves. 2002) call for the identification of non-diatom algae to the lowest possible taxonomic level, which is usually the genus or species level. Reproduction in algae occurs in both asexual and sexual forms. Kingdom Monera Chlorophyceae (Green algae) General characterstics of Chlorophyceae. The majority of algae are plants, so they are in the kingdom plantae. They are unicellular or multicellular Eukaryotic organisms. Algae can be either unicellular or multicellular organisms; Algae lack a well-defined body, so, structures like roots, stems or leaves are absent; Algaes are found where there is adequate moisture. The key to algae’s potential as a renewable fuel source involves the increase of algal biomass productivity per acre. You could easily see the previous 2 types of main living beings, but not these microorganisms, because they can’t be observed with your naked eye. This division has all unicellular flagellates. Hence came the five kingdom classification. They are divided into 4 classes, 59 orders, 490 families and 4,300 or so genera. Pyrrophyta; Euglenophyta; Red algae or Rhodophyta Identification of Algae in Water Supplies Section I Continue George Izaguirre The algae are a large and very diverse group of organisms that rangefrom minute single-celled forms to the giant marine kelps. Asexual reproduction occurs by spore formation. Chlorophyceae (green algae) Phaeophyceae (brown algae) Rhodophyceae (red algae). Algae is a collective term for many organisms, so it is classified into different kingdoms. Bacterial taxonomy is the taxonomy, i.e. While filamentous Algae are Spirogyra and Cladophora. Classification of Green Seaweed. Dr. Poonam Jaiswal, Lecturer Botany, JDB Govt. Some researchers say algae could be 10 or even 100 times more productive than traditional bioenergy crops. Photosynthetic pigments: They possesses chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b and small amount of β-carotenoids. Class 3 Plasmodiophoromycetes- Parasitic fungi producing biflagellate motile cells with both the flagella of whiplash type inserted at the anterior end. Green algae, capricious in size and shape. Xanthophycophyta or yellow-green algae – They occupy a wide variety of habitats, including fresh water (lakes, reservoirs, and rivers), oceans, estuaries, moist soils, coastal spray Marine Ecology- Progress Series, vol 49 , pages 127-139 (1988). All species of this group, contain chlorophyll a and b and they store reserves substances such as starch.. each of these classifications are the algae genus names, species names, and subspecies names, if applicable. In the scientific classification established by Carl Linnaeus, each species has to be assigned to a genus (binary nomenclature), which in turn is a lower level of a hierarchy of ranks (family, suborder, order, subclass, class, division/phyla, kingdom and domain). [ Thallus == a plant body not differentiated into stem, leaves, and roots and without a vascular system, typical of algae, fungi, lichens, and some liverworts].  Habitat  Flagella number and the location of their insertion in motile cells. As the group implies, microorganisms are It is the largest class of algae; They are commonly known as green Algae. Pico- and ultraplankton Sargasso Sea communities: Variability and comparative distributions of Synechococcis spp. The Kingdom Protista consists of mostly unicellular multicellular organisms that are classified by the way they move. Classification of Fungi The kingdom Fungi contains five major phyla that were established according to their mode of sexual reproduction or using molecular data. Algae are chlorophyll-bearing, simple, thalloid, autotrophic and largely aquatic (both fresh water and marine) organisms. This taxonomic grouping is polyphyletic and based only ... Biogeography – The diatoms are unicellular algae that are a large component of phytoplankton in oceans and lakes. In fact, even Aristotle classified living organisms on the basis whether they lived on land, water or air. The groups are called phyla (singular, phylum) by some microbiologists, and classes by others. Colonial algae are e.g. These are Chlorophycophyta, Xanthophycophyta, Bacillariophycophyta, Phaeophycophyta, Rhodophycophyta, Chrysophycophyta, Euglenophycophyta, Cryptophycophyta and Pyrrophycophyta. Both unicellular and multicellular organisms are found in this division. The use of algae in integrated aquaculture has also been recently reviewed by Turan (2009). … analysis of all algae in large-scale assessments by the USEPA and USGS (Fitzpatrick et al. Sub division 2. But biologists wanted a broader system of classifying living organisms. Algae can be classified as: Rhodophycophyta or red algae – Usually a marine form of algae without flagella, the pigments it contains are chlorophyll a, b-carotene, phycoerythrin, and phycocyanin. 200 species are included in this category. girls college, Kota 1998, Moulton et al. However, certain features unite them, while distinguishing them from the other major group of photosynthetic organisms: the land plants. 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