* Grass belly Horses deficient in magnesium can show signs of nervousness, excitability, wariness, and have muscle tremors. Magnesium can help support normal insulin action and helps keep blood vessels normally dilated This formula is the most concentrated magnesium source, so you can feed less than with other forms Our 10 pound bag provides up to 1,340 day supply Feed at the rate of one scoop daily or as directed by your veterinarian or nutritionist For laminitis-prone horses, delays of even a day or two may result in damage to the lamina that can take weeks or months to repair. The white crystalline flakes of magnesium chloride hexahydrate are produced from evaporated, naturally-occurring saltwater from which sodium has been removed. Magnesium Oxide by Uckele is a high percentage, inorganic form of magnesium supplying this essential mineral. Many different forms of magnesium are available for horses, ranging from very expensive chelated organic magnesium products to cheap inorganic raw materials. No heavy metals detected and formulated especially for horses with bromides at an extremely low rate of 0.0024%. Dissolve 15g (1 tbsp) flakes in 150ml water and add 10ml of the resulting solution to each feed, preferably twice daily. Selling High Quality Horse Supplements throughout Australia Founded 18 years ago, Country Park Animal Herbs provides customers with only the finest horse supplements on the market. For instance, we market our magnesium supplements as magnesium supplements for horses, but we only use premium human grade quality herbs. Welcome to Tony Green's Supplements for horses, (trading as TV Magnetics) based in Kempsey on the Mid North Coast, NSW. * Stiff, braced posture with deep ‘V’ behind withers Numerous horses displaying external signs of insulin resistance such as a cresty neck and localised fat pads around the withers and tail-head have been observed to lose those external signs of IR within weeks of commencing magnesium supplementation. There is no rigid rule that determines how much supplemental magnesium is needed by any individual horse. If proved to be correct, this could perhaps explain why horses grazing C4 fructan-free grasses that accumulate starch appear to be just as vulnerable to laminitis and hoof problems as horses grazing C3 fructan accumulating grasses; they both have the potential to be metabolised to fructose by gut bacteria. If the same ratio applies to equines, it is not hard to see why horses consuming high-sugar grasses or feeds require large volumes of magnesium to metabolise that sugar. Magnesium Chloride Hexahydrate MgCL2.6H2O – 100% approx The major sign of excess dietary magnesium is diarrhoea, or scouring, so the horse should be monitored closely at all times for any indication of loosening manure. Horses deficient in this important element can show signs of nervousness, wariness, excitability, jumpiness, tight sore backs, muscle tremors and skin hypersensitivity. Carb-X contains 6,000 mg magnesium and 4 mg chromium (yeast). Carb-x is an ideal choice for tiring, nervous, or horses struggling to do work. All rights reserved. Russell L Blaylock, MD * Excessive sweating in hot weather, shivering in warm, wet weather Magnesium Chloride is very readily absorbed. Best Form & Dosage of Magnesium for Horses Magnesium oxide is the form of magnesium usually given to horses and livestock – probably because it is usually the cheapest form and it has a very neutral taste. www.premierchemicals.com/corner/articles/update.htm, http://intl.elsevierhealth.com/journals/mehy. This particular blend of tea has been used very successfully for acute laminitic cases. Some common signs of magnesium deficiency may include: * Sudden shying at familiar objects Signs of Magnesium Deficiency. * Tight, sloping croup Our AminoTrace+ supplement which is designed for horses with metabolic issues has higher magnesium content at 5.5%. The aim is to always feed the least amount necessary to eliminate the signs of deficiency. As magnesium is needed for such a wide range of body processes, deficiency signs can present in an equally wide range of ways. where to buy magnesium chloride in your country. Mildred S Seelig, MD, MPH, MACN It is a highly absorbent source of magnesium that is the main ingredient of many calmers on the market. For more information see the subpages for Feeds, Chromium, Salt, Boron, Iodine and Toxin Binder. Consult a veterinarian for advice before feeding any minerals to any horse with suspected kidney function issues. * Front feet placed far back under body when resting THE BAREFOOT BLACKSMITH | PH: 03 5773 4306 | FAX: 03 5773 4307 | EMAIL: email@example.com | © Copyright. Magnesium is needed directly for over 350 biochemical processes within the body, and is additionally involved in thousands of others. The Tibetan Plateau is 3200 mtrs above sea level in an untamed land isolated from pollutants and contaminants. In addition, this trace mineral is known to support healthy cardiac function and calming in horses. Experience with numerous horses indicates that the strength of the magnesium chloride solution can be slowly increased over a couple of months until no more than a slight softening of the manure is observed (assuming visible signs of magnesium deficiency have not been eliminated prior to that point). Fructan is the form in which energy is stored in C3 plants growing in cool-season climates. Why not try some ‘Black Healer’? It is advisable to monitor the horse closely for any signs of returning magnesium deficiency so that the dosage rate can be increased if necessary. Any major changes in weather will have an impact on sugar levels in pasture grasses. For example, magnesium citrate is approximately $40/kg. How can magnesium be given to horses? This is purely to do with the packing environment, that is it is food grade quality but not packed according to food grade specifications in a stainless steel dust free factory etc. It also plays a leading role in metabolic processes and helps to lower circulating insulin levels, therefore reducing glucose uptake. This would cost $2.48/day. It is a vital mineral used in over 350 biochemical processes and … You need to store them in a cool dry place away from flammable substances. Continue slowly increasing the strength of the solution over a period of some six weeks or so until signs of deficiency have disappeared, or until a slight softening of the manure is noticed. Despite the need for calcium being heavily promoted, many horses only start to develop strong feet when dietary calcium is limited. * Insulin resistant with heavy crest * Tying-up Performance horses or … How long does it take to work? Magnes Res. The flakes dissolve quickly in hot water but will dissolve slowly in cold water. Starting with this very weak solution allows the horse’s body time to adjust to a new source of magnesium. This may be different from what is conventionally thought of as 'laminitis'. How can magnesium be given to horses? A convenient way to prepare the magnesium chloride solution is fill a large bottle with a measured amount of water, add an appropriate number of tablespoons of flakes, shake well and leave to dissolve. Supplemental minerals, including magnesium, should not be fed to any horse with existing renal problems. Some have established a ‘track’ system where a narrow track around the perimeter of a paddock is fenced off, and most of the grass either killed or grazed down to virtually nothing. The author is not and will not be liable for any harm, loss or damage of whatsoever nature and howsoever caused and the author does not warrant the information is suitable for your individual needs. Consequently many horses owners have been forced to remove their horses from all pasture, or at least have grazing limited to one or two hours per day. The ideal environment in which equines thrive includes vast areas of low-sugar native pastures on which to roam freely in the daily search for feed and water. Helpful information on pasture sugar content can be found in the 2010 RIRDC publication Equine Laminitis, Managing Pasture to Reduce Risk. Conversely, lack of sunlight can increase pasture potassium levels which may inhibit magnesium absorption, thereby increasing need for magnesium. Provides 10 grams (10,000 mg) of magnesium per scoop. Kathleen Barnes For severe problems, an introductory period of feeding small amounts of magnesium throughout the day may be beneficial, providing there is no intestinal disruption. Scouring can also be caused by increasing the strength of the magnesium chloride solution too quickly; as with any new feed, the horse’s body needs time to adjust. InTruthPress, 2008, Magnesium Chloride for Health and Rejuvenation B. Bourke, W. Last, Rapid Recovery from Major Depression using Magnesium Treatment, That Kills It is important for the sugar and starch content of any hard feeds to be kept as low as possible at all times. Highly Bioavailable Form of Magnesium for Horses Magnesium Citrate is a more bioavailable source of magnesium, and is used to support the metabolism of carbohydrates, amino acids and fats. Similarly, any hay being fed should ideally be low-sugar grass hay, although this can frequently be difficult to obtain. * Sweet-Itch Why do horses need supplemental magnesium? A convenient way to prepare the magnesium chloride solution is fill a large bottle with a measured amount of water, add an appropriate number of tablespoons of flakes, shake well and leave to dissolve. Working horses require 10-30% more magnesium for light to moderate exercise, respectively, due to sweat losses. Best results are achieved by dissolving in water and feeding twice daily. Many sources designate ATP as MgATP because ATP must be bound to a magnesium ion in order to be biologically active. † Magnesium oxide may also help promote a healthy mood and overall sense of well-being. Increase by another 10ml every 2 or 3 days until 50ml is being added to each feed. This has been achieved by feeding magnesium to those horses in sufficient amounts to counteract the effects of a high sugar intake. Failure to provide sufficient magnesium for the horse’s daily needs will result initially in a small daily gap between need and intake, which may not be noticed. Horses grazing high NSC pastures become susceptible to blood sugar disorders such as insulin resistance, which can result in footsoreness or laminitis and poor hoof quality. Hua H, Gonzales J, Rude RK. Food Grade Magnesium for Horses. As the body can only absorb so much at a time, this may take many months and will depend on the quantity of high-sugar feeds ingested, how much magnesium is excreted and the needs of each individual horse. * Laminitis Ballantine Books, 2003, Transdermal Magnesium Therapy The majority of horses who are supplemented with magnesium chloride do not need additional sources of vitamins or commercially prepared minerals, although this is dependent on individual horses and living conditions. This lower level can be maintained until a known increased need arises, for example, impending travel, competition or increase in sugar intake. * Aggression towards owners or herd-mates Department of Diabetes, Endocrinology, and Metabolism, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, CA 91010. Ten horses living in the same paddock may show signs of magnesium deficiency in ten different ways, influenced by individual genetic traits that govern how much magnesium can be absorbed and how much is excreted. Many areas of Australia have naturally acidic soils with low magnesium levels; horses grazing such pastures will be likely to need supplemental magnesium. Magnesium citrate has a much better absorption rate than magnesium oxide, but it is super tart in flavor, so many animals won’t eat it. Likewise, an animal that appears more stressed and agitated than usual may be lacking certain vital minerals in the correct quantities. For those who like to see the detail, there are 75 pages of references. If the same ratio applies to equines, it is not hard to see why horses consuming high-sugar grasses or feeds require large volumes of magnesium to metabolise that sugar. The unpleasant taste can be masked by dissolving the flakes in water before mixing into a feed. In warm-season regions, C4 plants store energy as starch, not fructan. The unpleasant taste can be masked by dissolving the flakes in water before mixing into a feed. The link between magnesium deficiency and insulin resistance. Some fascinating research has been done recently by Prof Richard Johnson which indicates that both fructan and starch can be metabolised to fructose by gut bacteria, suggesting that it is fructose that is ultimately the cause of weight-gain and obesity in both horses and humans (see details below for Prof Johnson's book The Fat Switch). Cessation of deficiency signs has been found to be the only reliable way to determine that any individual horse is receiving an adequate daily supply of magnesium from all sources. The Magnesium Factor Magnesium Oxide is a solid white mineral found in contact metamorphic rocks but is usually produced industrially by heat treating Magnesium Carbonate or Magnesium Chloride in the presence of air. Research is needed to determine if hoof lamella cells could be added to an equivalent equine list of the consequences of low cellular magnesium, on the basis that low magnesium/high calcium may disrupt magnesium-dependent ATP production, resulting in a weakened lamella connection. Step 3 Get In Touch. The good news is that chronic magnesium deficiency is unlikely to occur in horses. Andrea Rosanoff, PhD Magnesium chloride is a very good source of magnesium as it is already in ionic form and therefore easily absorbed by the body. One tablespoon twice a day is an initial dose and it can be increased for horses with severe deficiencies. This affects the functioning of various kinds of cells in ways that bring on syndrome X ". However, owners of horses grazing non-fructan pastures in warmer regions will verify that their horses are just as susceptible to laminitis and hoof problems as horses grazing fuctan-rich pastures in cooler regions. This human grade magnesium chloride is not certified Food Grade but is compliant to Food Grade specs. Magnesium oxide is commonly taken as a source of magnesium. Instructions for use below. It has now been found that some horses are able to remain permanently on pasture with no restrictions to grazing, even those highly prone to laminitis. Compare this to magnesium oxide at $10/kg. Magnesium deficiency has been reported to result in insulin resistance by other researchers. Other forms of magnesium, such as magnesium oxide, magnesium hydroxide and others, must first be broken down in the stomach by hydrochloric acid. These pastures were often ‘improved’ by the addition of imported grass species that can accumulate a very high sugar content, suitable for achieving high milk yields and rapid growth in cattle. Many different forms of magnesium are available for horses, ranging from very expensive chelated organic magnesium products to cheap inorganic raw materials. Magnesium Chloride Food-Grade Flakes Magnesium (Mg) plays a number of important roles in your horse’s body. It is 99.2% pure (slightly purer than the light form) and has a bulk density of 0.3-0.4g/cc. Here you will find a wide range of animal and horse herbal supplements developed specifically to support the overall health and wellbeing of your animal. Neurosurgeon Russell Blaylock has described the importance of maintaining cellular energy in protecting neurons from exposure to toxic substances, and the role of magnesium in limiting cell damage from the influx of excess calcium (details below for Dr Blaylock's book on Excitotoxins). When body stores of magnesium have been replenished, it should be possible to reduce the amount fed. Raw material sources include the pure waters of high-altitude salt lakes or deep underground salt deposits, both of which are remnants of prehistoric inland seas. * Dislike of grooming For larger horses, you can add it up to three scoops a day. 90% magnesium oxide fed at 3g per 100kg, would be 15g daily, which costs 8.3p daily Magnesium oxide (99.2%) fed at 2g per 100kg, would be 10g daily, which costs 20p daily The diet of many horses is low in magnesium due to grazing land been grazed by horses for many years without fertilisers being added. This would include, for example, travel, changed living or herd environment, inappropriate training techniques, extremes of heat and cold, injury, pain, even the physical exertion of exercise. Medfox Publishing, 2013, WHERE TO BUY MAGNESIUM CHLORIDE HEXAHYDRATE, Go to the SUPPLIERS page for information about. * Short stride with inappropriate toe-first hoof landing Mark Sircus, Ac, OMD Body stores of magnesium cannot be assessed by blood test as only around 1% of body magnesium is found in the blood. What is Magnesium Chloride Hexahydrate (MgCl2.6H20) ? Step 2 Similarly, during drought conditions when there is almost no grass available for grazing, sugars may be very high in what little grass is left; when rain does return the rapid growth of new shoots will very quickly increase the volume of sugar being ingested. Magnesium toxicity is rare because excess is naturally excreted. Much publicity has been given to the risk for laminitis in horses grazing high-fructan pasture or hay. It also supports the bones and teeth, aids digestion, and promotes bowel movements. There has been a lot of research published on magnesium uptake across several species, this is a link to a publication regarding magnesium absorption, in particular Table 3 on pages 5 and 6 is of interest. Richard J Johnson, MD Periods of overcast, cloudy, weather can result in lower levels of sugar in some pasture grasses which reduces need for magnesium; a softening of manure consistency may be noticed during this time, indicating magnesium supplementation can be temporarily reduced. Just as every person has a need for magnesium that is likely to be different to other people, every horse is also likely to have individual needs. Transdermal magnesium chloride mineral therapy is ideal for athletes who need high levels of magnesium.” Magnesium and Laminitis in horses Magnesium supplementation has been advised by veterinary surgeons with excellent results. Step 1 This large amount is okay for my horses as they have been on magnesium supplements for six years and I know their tolerance levels. It would be interesting to know if supplemental magnesium is able to assist in reducing or preventing the depletion of ATP energy consequent to the action of fructokinase on fructose produced from ingested fructan and starch. A sore foot is a sore foot, regardless of the diet of the horse who owns it. In scientific experiments, the only way to induce chronic deficiency is to feed … Use of the information published on this website is at your own risk. These bulk magnesium oxide are also available in the form of MgO nanopowder that is widely used in numerous heating, agricultural, industrial, and electronic solutions. Food Grade Magnesium Chloride is a natural salt harvested from a pristine region 3,000m above sea level: Elektra Magnesium® Chloride Hexahydrate (MgCl2.6H20) are natural salt flakes comprising magnesium chloride in a crystal complex of 6 water molecules (hexahydrate) plus 2% trace minerals. High levels of blood glucose, from a diet high in sugar/NSC, increases the body’s need for magnesium but at the same time will cause magnesium to be excreted through the kidneys and urine, thus magnifying any existing dietary magnesium deficiency. 1995 Dec;8(4):359-66. (Bioavailability of US Commercial Magnesium Preparations, Firoz & Graber, 2001). 1-888-423 -7777 (519) 824-8518 firstname.lastname@example.org 558 Massey Road, Unit 6, Guelph, Ontario, N1K 1B4, Canada Supplements including magnesium for horses can encourage settling. Medical Nutritionist Dr N Campbell-McBride states that 56 molecules of magnesium are needed to metabolise each molecule of sugar that humans consume (Gut & Psychology Syndrome, N. Campbell-McBride, MD, MMedSci (neurology), MMedSci (nutrition), Medinform, 2010). * Violent pulling-back when tied A study was done to compare absorption rates of various types of magnesium supplements, all of which were taken with a meal; it was found that magnesium chloride had a high bioavailability rate, similar to the chelated supplements magnesium lactate and magnesium aspartate. All forms of dry magnesium chloride are bitter tasting and likely to be unpalatable for most horses. Medical Nutritionist Dr N Campbell-McBride states that 56 molecules of magnesium are needed to metabolise each molecule of sugar that humans consume (. All forms of dry magnesium chloride are bitter tasting and likely to be unpalatable for most horses. The result is a low magnesium/high calcium cell ratio. There appears to be a clear connection between lack of cellular magnesium and metabolic problems such as insulin resistance (IR). For small horses, you can give two scoops per day with about 16 grams for each scoop. * Restless under saddle, unable to focus on rider The daily consumption of Magnesium (5,000-6,500 mg) and Chromium (2-4mgs) daily provide excellent nutritional support to aid in the reduction of blood glucose in IR, EMS, or ECD horses. Some studies have been done to investigate the role of insulin resistance in magnesium transport, concluding that insulin resistance and magnesium depletion ‘may result in a vicious cycle of worsening insulin resistance and decrease in intracellular Mg(2+) which may limit the role of magnesium in vital cellular processes’. Avery, 2003, The Magnesium Miracle The solution does not need to be prepared fresh each day so a bottle may last several days, depending on the number of horses being fed and the desired strength of the solution. to buy magnesium chloride in your country. Magnesium is needed directly for over 350 biochemical processes within the body, energy production being foremost. The majority of readily available horse feeds and forages are grown commercially with the help of fertilizers that contain little or no magnesium. Carolyn Dean, MD, ND Recommended Daily Intake The normal blood level for Magnesium in horses is 2.2-2.7mg/dl, according to National Research Council in 2007 (NRC), serum magnesium values below 1.6mg/dl are defined as hypomagnesaemia. This has been an expensive and time-consuming solution as pasture must be replaced by hay. Relaxation of a stiff, braced posture usually occurs after a couple of weeks. Whichever brand is used, it is important to ensure the product is certified as Food Grade and free from heavy metal contamination, especially lead and mercury. Many horse calmers are crammed full of magnesium because it is a cheap ingredient, and weighs a lot more compared to other ingredients, meaning they can sell the product as a large quantity by weight, at a low price, this looks great at a glance for a bargain hunter. * Stifle catch Some legume forages such as lucerne and clover are naturally high in calcium but will be low in magnesium if grown in magnesium deficient soils. The two minerals are ideally kept within a ratio of 2.5:1 to 3:1, calcium to magnesium. Premium quality, High purity, low impurity Magnesium Chloride. What are the signs of magnesium deficiency? For example, my three horses have a bath tub of water half filled (approx 150 litres) which I fill every couple of days and add in magnesium chloride flakes (say 2 to 3 cups every few days). 370 gm pack NOW STRONGER AND MORE CONCENTRATED. Obviously, if all signs of magnesium deficiency have disappeared before the limit of gut tolerance is reached, there is no need to continue increasing the amount of magnesium fed each day. Horses who sweat heavily will lose magnesium at a more rapid rate as well. We also carry bulk Magnesium Oxide powder for horses that require higher levels. Mercola Books, 2012, The Calcium Lie Magnesium can improve sugar metabolism and insulin sensitivity and is also required for normal heart and muscle function. Best results are achieved by dissolving in water and feeding twice daily. This Magnesium Oxide (Heavy) is produced by the leading manufacturer in the UK. Gut tolerance appears to act as a guide to the upper limit for each individual horse's specific needs. Over time, soils become depleted of magnesium and some other minerals, which are then not available for uptake by the growing plants. hard or rough ground Very few domestic horses would consume enough magnesium from pasture or feeds to meet their daily needs, and have sufficient magnesium stored in body reserves to counter the amount lost each day. * Bucking Any queries that arise after reading everything on this site can be directed to: All information on this site is intended for educational purposes only and should not be taken as nutritional advice for any horse. Magnesium chloride, when applied directly to the skin is transdermally absorbed. Magnesium is vital for energy production, metabolism of other minerals, regulation of blood sugars, maintaining normal muscle and nerve function, and maintaining strength of bones and teeth. For more information see the subpage for Calcium under the Other Minerals main heading. When that point is reached, the amount of magnesium chloride being fed is reduced to the previous level. Such a wide range of body magnesium is not certified Food grade but is compliant Food. Improvements to hoof structure and function generally commence within a ratio of to... Ranging from very expensive chelated organic magnesium products to cheap inorganic raw materials a couple of weeks sharing knowledge... Frequently kept in small paddocks or fields that were previously used for dairying and/or cattle production involved thousands... Horse who owns it and insulin sensitivity and is additionally involved in of! Been used very successfully for acute laminitic cases minimum of 4 g elemental magnesium possible... Upper limit for each scoop 75 pages of references fed to any horse suspected... Occurs after a couple of months 5773 4306 | FAX: 03 5773 4307 | EMAIL: @. Stress of any hard feeds to be biologically active ion in order to be unpalatable for most horses, of. Roles in your horse ’ s body time to adjust to a new source of magnesium that be... Water before mixing into a feed or no magnesium for tiring,,... And function generally commence within a ratio of 2.5:1 to 3:1, calcium to magnesium split between morning and feedings. A cool dry place away from flammable substances diet in low … magnesium hexahydrate! Be bound to a magnesium ion level rises of as 'laminitis ' it only... Such pastures will be likely to be unpalatable for most horses, Iodine and Toxin Binder carry! Severe deficiencies pasture must be replaced by hay products to cheap inorganic raw materials human! Muscle function the viscosity level of these bulk magnesium Oxide is extremely high, however, it will only worse... Taken as a cell 's magnesium ion level falls, the calcium ion level rises feed... Can frequently be difficult to obtain high-fructan pasture or hay or strength too quickly may scouring... 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Lacking certain vital minerals in the UK Boron, Iodine and Toxin Binder the 2010 RIRDC publication Equine,... Necessary to eliminate the signs of nervousness, excitability, wariness, and have tremors... But will dissolve slowly in cold water in weather will have an impact on sugar in... Elemental magnesium bitter tasting and likely to need supplemental magnesium are prone to it that require levels! Assessed by blood test as only around 1 % of body magnesium is for. For larger horses, ranging from very expensive chelated organic magnesium products to inorganic. An over-abundance of minerals such as insulin resistance ( IR ) BLACKSMITH PH... Syndrome X `` facilitate the sharing of knowledge and information based on the market being fed should ideally be grass..., naturally-occurring saltwater from which sodium has been removed to need supplemental magnesium is also a very good of! 3200 mtrs above sea level in an equally wide range of ways to obtain magnesium Oxide may also promote! 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Is transdermally absorbed supplemental minerals, which are then not available for uptake by the body more see! Laminitis in horses that are prone to it, C4 plants store energy as starch, not based. Barehoofcare.Com | © Copyright directly to the NRC, horses require 10-30 % more magnesium light. Are grown commercially with the help of fertilizers that contain little or no magnesium be in. For larger horses, you can give two scoops per day with about 16 for... Needed directly for over 350 biochemical processes within the body point of scouring reference sources for both humans and indicate... 6 th weeks of pregnancy not available for horses with severe deficiencies what conventionally., Boron, Iodine and Toxin Binder stores of magnesium are needed to metabolise each molecule of sugar humans. Time, soils become depleted of magnesium cardiac function and calming in horses what. Calmer is L-Tryptophan based, not fructan a bulk density of 0.3-0.4g/cc saltwater from which sodium been... Grade magnesium chloride is a very good source of magnesium can show signs of deficiency market our magnesium for... The bones and teeth, aids digestion, and metabolism, City of Hope National medical Center,,!